Mutualism of the Month: Red-billed oxpecker: tick removal or vampirism?

Mutualism of the Month: Red-billed oxpecker: tick removal or vampirism?

August’s Mutualism of the Month is the red-billed oxpecker (Buphagus erythrorhynchus) and their obligate hosts: large African mammals.  The birds feed almost exclusively off of what can be gleaned from the skin of these mammals.

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